Posts tagged "patent litigation"

Apple-Samsung Case Shows Smartphone as Legal Magnet

The smartphone in your hand is a marvel of innovation, packing sophisticated computing and communications technologies into a sleek digital device.

It is also a litigation magnet.

In the last few years, the companies in the smartphone industry have spent billions of dollars buying patents and hundreds of millions suing one another. on Friday, that battle reached a peak with the decision by a federal jury in San Jose, Calif., to award Apple $1.05 billion in damages from Samsung for infringing on just six patents.

The case underscores how dysfunctional the patent system has become. Patent litigation has followed every industrial innovation, whether it is steam engines, cars, phones or semiconductors, but the smartphone wars are bigger, global and unusually complex.

And it is the courts, rather than the patent office, that are being used to push companies toward a truce. In the end, consumers may be the losers.

“It is hard not to see all the patent buying and patent lawsuits as a distortion of the role of patents,” said Josh Lerner, an economist and patent expert at Harvard Business School. “They are supposed to be an incentive for innovation.”

Samsung says it will challenge the jury's decision, which covered design basics like the shape of the iPhone itself and its array of small on-screen icons. So the courtroom conflict could continue for years, and even then, the case is but one of dozens of suits and countersuits in 10 countries between Apple and Samsung, the world's two leading smartphone makers.

But Apple has more than Samsung in its sights in its litigation campaign against the Korean electronics giant. Samsung is the leader among companies using Google's Android mobile operating system. So while Apple may be suing Samsung in courtrooms from Germany to Australia, the real enemy is up the road from Apple's headquarters in Cupertino, Calif., at the Googleplex in Mountain View.

Ultimately, the Apple-Samsung roadshow is just the main attraction in the global smartphone patent wars. the roster of litigants includes Microsoft, Nokia, HTC, Google's Motorola Mobility subsidiary and others.

In a recent case between Apple and Motorola, Judge Richard A. Posner, a prominent federal appeals court judge in Chicago, said in court that the use of patents in the smartphone industry showed a system in “chaos.” In June, Judge Posner dismissed the case, chastising both sides. He heaped scorn on Apple's broad claims for its user-experience patents and on Motorola's claim that Apple should pay a rich royalty on its basic communications patents. Both companies have appealed.

The disputes are fueled, legal experts say, by companies rushing to apply for patents as both defensive and offensive weapons, and by overburdened government examiners granting patents too easily.

“The smartphone patent battles are enabled by lots of trivial patents that never should have been granted in the first place,” said James E. Bessen, a patent expert and lecturer at the Boston University School of Law. “That's where Judge Posner was coming from in his ruling.”

To the winners of the patent wars, the rewards will be rich. Mobile computing, or smartphones and tablets, is the most lucrative and fastest-growing market in business. it has made Apple the most valuable company in the world. As Samsung passed Apple in the last year to become the largest smartphone maker, its profits surged along with its sales.

Despite the hostilities, experts say the smartphone patent wars will eventually end in an industrial armistice.

The California court decision, if it holds up on appeal, could have that effect. “This ruling sends a message to all the handset makers that you have to make truly differentiated products that look different,” said Colleen V. Chien, an assistant professor at the Santa Clara University School of Law. “And that's the message Apple wanted to send with its litigation.”

Most legal experts thought Apple would have the most trouble winning infringement judgments on its design patents, which are generally considered weaker than engineering patents for hardware or software, known as utility patents.

But the jury found that Samsung infringed on three of the four design patents in the case. the fourth was a patent for shape of a tablet computer — a rectangle with rounded corners.

“This could open up a whole new front in the patent wars, as companies race to file applications for design patents,” said Kevin G. Rivette, a Silicon Valley consultant and former vice president of intellectual property strategy for I.B.M.

Yet Mr. Rivette is convinced that the smartphone patent wars will subside and an accommodation will be reached. the sheer number of smartphone patents and the speed of innovation in product development undermine the power of the patents. that is very different than the role patents play in an industry like pharmaceuticals, where a blockbuster drug may be covered by a single patent or a few. In chemistry, the molecule is the patentable idea.

Smartphones are very different. an infringement ruling can slow a rival down for a few months, but not block it. Samsung engineers, for example, have already devised an alternative to one of the patents found to have been infringed upon in the California decision — the “bounce” feature. Pull a finger from the top of the iPhone's touch screen to the bottom and the page bounces. on the newest Samsung smartphones, the same downward finger stroke brings a blue glow at the bottom on the touch screen, not a bounce.

“In this industry, patents are not a clean weapon to stop others,” Mr. Rivette said. “The technology, like water, will find its way around impediments.”

Apple-Samsung Case Shows Smartphone as Legal Magnet

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    Posted by admin - August 28, 2012 at 10:00 am

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    Apple regains number one smartphone spot – Apple Business – Macworld UK

    Apple has emerged as the number one smartphone vendor worldwide in the fourth quarter of 2011, by a small margin, after losing ground to Samsung in the previous quarter, according to research firms Strategy Analytics and IHS iSuppli.

    But the Korean giant has emerged as the market leader for the first time in 2011, the research firms said Thursday. Samsung shipped nearly 100 million smartphones during the year.

    Samsung had a close to 20 percent share for the year, in comparison to Apple’s 19 percent share, according to Strategy Analytics.

    Samsung had overtaken Apple in the third quarter, as customers waited for the iPhone 4S. Apple’s introduction of the new phone in the fourth quarter unleashed tremendous pent-up demand for the iPhone as consumers awaited the arrival of the latest model, said IHS iSuppli.

    Besides competing in the market, Apple and Samsung are in fierce patent litigation, with Apple trying to block Samsung devices in many markets.

    Global smartphone shipments grew 54 percent annually to reach a record 155 million units in the fourth quarter, said Strategy Analytics.

    Apple’s smartphone shipments in the fourth quarter were 37 million, up 128 percent from the same quarter a year ago, it said. Shipments by Samsung in the quarter were 36.5 million, up 241 percent.

    Nokia’s global smartphone market share halved from 33 percent in 2010 to 16 percent in 2011, mainly on account of a lackluster touchscreen smartphone portfolio and a limited presence in the U.S. market, Strategy Analytics said. Nokia’s partnership with Microsoft will be very much in focus during 2012, and the industry will be watching closely to see how swiftly the two companies can expand in the high-value 4G LTE (long term evolution) market that is rapidly emerging across the U.S., Japan and elsewhere, it added.

    Other major Android licensees like Sony Ericsson and Motorola did not match Samsung’s strong smartphone performance in the fourth quarter or for the entire year, indicating that the Android smartphone market is becoming too crowded “as the various licensees compete for limited consumer mindshare and shelf space”, IHS iSuppli said.

    Sony Ericsson shipped 9 million phones in the fourth quarter, a 20 percent decrease year-on-year, citing fierce competition and price erosion as reasons for the poor result. Its results for the quarter, which included a net loss and a drop in revenue, highlighted the struggles of many vendors who rely on Google’s Android to power its smartphones.

    Global handset shipments meanwhile were 445 million units in the fourth quarter of 2011, up 11 percent from the same quarter in the previous year. Nokia is still the leader with a 25.5 percent share for the quarter and close to 27 percent share for the full year, but its share has fallen from over 30 percent in the previous year. Strategy Analytics said. Samsung was the number two, followed by Apple.

    Apple regains number one smartphone spot – Apple Business – Macworld UK

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